Best Plants For Your Green Facade

Enhancing the exterior of buildings with green facades has become a popular trend in urban design, and for good reason. These living walls not only beautify the environment but also offer a range of practical benefits. When it comes to choosing the right plants for your green facade, you have several options, each with its own unique advantages.

Deciduous Plants: Energy Champions

One popular choice for living facades is deciduous plants. These plants, known for shedding their leaves annually, offer significant advantages in terms of energy efficiency and climate control. During the warmer months, the lush foliage provides natural insulation, reducing the need for air conditioning by shading the building’s exterior and keeping indoor spaces cool. As winter approaches, the leaves fall, allowing sunlight to penetrate and naturally warm the building, thus reducing heating requirements. Some popular examples of deciduous plants used in living facades include Virginia creeper, wisteria, and certain climbing rose varieties.

Trellis growing facade

Evergreen Plants: Privacy and Year-Round Protection

Evergreen plants, on the other hand, retain their leaves throughout the year, offering a constant, dense coverage. These plants are excellent for privacy and noise reduction, creating a serene and secluded environment within urban landscapes. They also act as a protective layer against wind and air pollutants year-round. Popular evergreen choices for green facades include English ivy, creeping fig, and creeping euonymus.

Flowering Plants: Increasing Biodiversity

For a burst of colour and visual appeal, flowering plants are often incorporated into living facades. Beyond aesthetics, they contribute to biodiversity by attracting pollinators like bees, butterflies, and birds, and enhancing the ecosystem around the building. Flowering plants like clematis, jasmine, and honeysuckle also emit pleasant fragrances that can enhance the sensory experience of the space.

Lush trellis green facade

Choosing the Right Fit

When selecting plants for your green facade, it’s essential to consider your climate, building orientation, and maintenance capabilities. Some plants may be better suited to your location and the specific goals you want to achieve. Additionally, considering factors like watering needs and pruning requirements will ensure long-term success.

Consulting with a green infrastructure expert can help you make informed choices and create a sustainable and visually stunning green facade that benefits both your building and the surrounding environment.